How To Fix A Sinus Cold
In order to determine your treatment for sinusitis, you should have a basic understanding of what sinusitis is first. It is the swelling of your nasal sinuses that can be cause by a bacterial, fungal or viral infection or even other factors such as allergic reactions or environmental elements. The sinus cavities, predominantly above your eyes and behind your cheekbones, have mucus secretions that, if blocked from draining can grow thicker and become inflamed.
Risk Factors for Sinusitis
Your treatment for sinusitis will depend on your risk factors for this inflammatory condition. Infection is usually the predominant cause of sinusitis and often follows on the tail end of a bad cold or even the flu. Allergies to pollen, dust, pet dander, cigarette smoke, smog and even excessive dryness due to central air or heat can also cause sinusitis.
Less common risk factors of sinusitis include immune system deficiencies and even nasal structural abnormalities. Polyps, a deviated septum, tumors or even bone spurs in the sinus cavity can also contribute to sinusitis. Knowing how you develop this condition will help in finding a treatment for the condition.
Treatment for Sinusitis
When the culprit is a bacterial infection, a course of antibiotics are often prescribed by a doctor as the primary treatment for sinusitis. In the rare cases that a fungal infection occurs, anti-fungal medications may be prescribed. In addition, a decongestant may be prescribed as well to help with the swelling of the nasal tissues.
An expectorant can help thin the mucus secretions so that you may expel them easier and these are often paired with antihistamines which help with inflammation only. When a tougher treatment for sinusitis is needed, the doctor may prescribe a nasal steroid which will work harder to reduce sinus swelling and promote sinus drainage.
For non-medicated options of treatment for sinusitis, a salt water nasal spray can help keep the nasal passageways moistened as well as rinse out bacteria and other irritants that may be lying claim to create an infection. In addition, a humidifier is a great way to reduce indoor dryness which can irritate the sinus membranes, causing sinusitis.
During days of particularly high pollen counts or when air pollution is bad, stay indoors as much as possible to avoid the possibility of sinusitis. In addition, as part of your treatment for sinusitis, sleep with your head elevated to promote healing and sinus drainage. Of course, it goes without saying that a healthy diet, exercise and avoid sick people is the ultimate preventative treatment for sinusitis.